17 Amaze-wing Facts About The Winter Wren For Kids

Winter Wren facts about the bird whose habitat is threatened by climate change.

The winter wren is a bird that is just the size of a ball, and their cuteness exceeds all bounds! They have short necks and short feet and probably one of the softest bodies, which makes them look like a small brown feathery ball, except for their bill, which is quite pointed. Wrens are so small that it is difficult for them to protect themselves against predators, so how do they survive? Are you interested to know about these small birds who belong to the Troglodytidae family, order Passeriformes, and genus Troglodytes? Read on to know some very interesting facts about winter wren, and sate your curiosity! After reading this fascinating information about the winter wren, do check our other articles on the house wren and marsh wren.

Winter Wren

Fact File

What do they prey on?

Insects, spiders

What do they eat?


Average litter size?

1-9 eggs

How much do they weigh?

0.3-0.4 oz (8.5-11.3 g)

How long are they?

3.1-4.7 in (7.8-11.9 cm)

How tall are they?

Wingspan: 5.2-6.8 in (13.2-17.2 cm)

What do they look like?

Small brown balls

Skin Type


What are their main threats?

Habitat loss, climate change, predators

What is their conservation status?

Least Concern

Where you'll find them

Coniferous forests


North America





Scientific Name

Troglodytes hiemalis





Winter Wren Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a winter wren?

A winter wren is a type of bird, which is very small and harmless and feeds on small insects, occasionally preying on spiders and small fishes. This species belongs to order Passeriformes, family Troglodytidae, and genus Troglodytes. The wren does not come out into the open much.

What class of animal does a winter wren belong to?

The winter wren is a bird, which belongs to the Aves class, order Passeriformes, family Troglodytidae, and genus Troglodytes.

How many winter wrens are there in the world?

It has been found that the total breeding population of winter wren in the world is roughly 11 million, which justifies the fact that it has been listed in the Least Concern conservation category.

Where does a winter wren live?

The winter wren (Troglodytes hiemalis) is known to live in coniferous forests and is mostly found in North America, mainly in the western part of the United States and southern parts of Canada. It is also seen migrating across southeastern Canada during the winters.

What is a winter wren's habitat?

The habitat of the wren winter is mainly coniferous forests from British Columbia to the Atlantic Ocean. They also breed in the same coniferous forests where they live. They are mainly found in evergreen forests in North America where there is dense vegetation. They can be often seen near streams.

Who do winter wrens live with?

The winter wren (Troglodytes hiemalis) lives in small flocks, and the size of the flocks increases in winters. They do not usually prefer to stay alone.

How long does a winter wren live?

The winter wren lives for about two years on average, but the oldest winter wren has been known to live for more than six years. This indicates that their lifespan greatly increases in captivity when compared to that in the wilderness due to the continuous concern of predators.

How do they reproduce?

During the breeding season, the male and the female winter wren pair up, and the male winter wren starts making many nests. After the nests have been made, the female winter wren selects the nest, and both the male and female winter wrens start living in that nest for breeding. For the female to make this selection in the breeding season, the male winter wren first attracts the female by its songs and then takes the female winter wren around the area showing the nests that he made, and then the female decides upon one nest that she likes. The female wren must like the nest for breeding to take place. The female winter wren usually lays five to eight eggs at a time for the purpose of breeding in the nest. The nest is made in small holes in the wall, in tree trunks, fallen logs, or in small crevices. The eggs are incubated in these nests and are white or sometimes slightly speckled. The nest is usually in the crevices of tall trees.

What is their conservation status?

There are roughly 11 million winter wrens in the world, which is not a small number, justifying that the winter wren species are under the Least Concern conservation status as their breeding rate is high.

Winter Wren Fun facts

What do winter wrens look like?

Winter wrens look similar to a small brown ball. Their necks are short and their short tails are often cocked above their backs. Their back is brown in color, and their bellies are gray, while there are darker brown or gray parts all over the body, even on the tails and wings. Their legs are pale brown, and their beaks are dark brown in color. The feature which enables humans to identify them easily is the pale eyebrows above their eyes.

Winter wren can be seen investigating upturned roots and decaying logs for their diet.

How cute are they?

Winter wrens are a very cute bird species. Totally harmless to humans, they mind their own business in the forests. Their small bodies make us feel like holding onto them forever. Their skin is lightly feathery and very soft, which lets them qualify as one of the most lovable and cutest birds out there! You wouldn’t want to miss a chance of seeing them or touching these species.

How do they communicate?

The communication between winter wrens takes place primarily through song. Its song is pretty loud and hence can be heard for very long distances. The other birds of these species understand the mood and position of the singing bird through the notes of the song and hence perfect communication is achieved. This helps in saving each other from predators and also searching for food. They communicate while flying for long distances in the same vocal way. The winter wren song is beautiful to hear. You can hear the winter wren call if you go into the dense vegetation where they live. The winter wren range is quite wide.

How big is a winter wren?

Winter wrens are pretty small and are about the size of a medium ball. Their length is roughly 3.1-4.7 in (7.8-11.9 cm), which is around 10 times smaller than a Golden Eagle. The wingspan has been measured at 5.2-6.8 in (13.2-17.2 cm).

How fast can a winter wren fly?

This species can fly considerably fast, although exact data on it has not been gathered yet. It can be said that they travel fast as they have to travel up to 1600 mi (2574.9 km) which is a long distance during winters while migrating.

How much does a winter wren weigh?

Winter wrens weigh very little, around 0.3-0.4 oz (8.5-11.3 g), which makes them one of the lightest birds in the world.

What are the male and female names of the species?

No special names have been assigned to the males and females of this species.

What would you call a baby winter wren?

A baby winter wren is called a chick or a young winter wren, like all other young bird species in this family of wrens.

What do they eat?

These North American birds are primarily insectivores, which means that they mainly feed on insects. However, wrens are also known to eat spiders and occasionally even large pupae, although this is major during winters. During winters, they also eat seeds if food is not abundantly available.

The predators of winter wrens include domestic cats, common magpies, and weasels, although there are many more predators that have winter wrens as their prey.

Are they predators?

These North American birds are very small in size and not very powerful, which makes them not very suitable to be predators. They eat insects and spiders and do not prey on any other animals, as they cannot do so. On the other hand, they have a lot of predators who prey on them, which makes them vulnerable and weak.

Would they make a good pet?

Yes, winter wrens shall make extremely good pets, provided their habitat and living conditions are taken care of. Their food requirements are pretty low, and so is the space they require in order to live. But their habitat requirements are pretty difficult to arrange for a novice. That said, if these conditions are met, winter wrens make excellent pets. Another perk - they are extremely cute!

Did you know...

The song that is sung by winter wrens is pretty long and is full and energy and cheerfulness. Also, the loudness of the song of these birds is pretty high when compared to the songs that are sung by other birds.

Winter wrens do not prefer to fly for longer distances, except when it comes down to migration, and just flies for short distances, from bush to bush in search of food in the form of insects. They create their nests in holes in fallen logs or crevices in the tree trunks. The nests are important for breeding purposes. They often nest in fallen logs.

Naming the winter wren

The winter wrens got their name in a unique manner! It had to be lumped with the Pacific wren and the Eurasian wren and then came to be known as the winter wren. The winter wren has many similarities with the Pacific wren.

Winter wren vs House wren

The winter wren and the house wren birds have many differences, through which they can be identified easily. First and foremost, the winter wren is not seen in the open as often as the house wren. Also, winter wrens are smaller than house wrens, who have a longer beak and tail when compared to winter wrens. Winter wrens are plumper than the house wrens. These traits can be used to understand the difference between these two similar birds, winter wrens and house wrens.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other birds from our dickcissel fun facts and blue-and-yellow macaw facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable cactus wren coloring pages.



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