15 Pearl Crescent Butterfly Facts You’ll Never Forget

Pearl crescent butterfly facts are entertaining.

Butterflies have long been insects that bring and symbolize joy. The pearl crescent butterfly is one of the most commonly found butterflies in the US. It is a small butterfly that has orange wings with a black or brown border and lace-like webbing. The underside of its hindwings is vibrant orange and has a light-colored crescent on the outer margin. The pearl crescent displays sexual dimorphism. The male is paler in color and has black antennal knobs, whereas the female is brightly colored and does not possess the knobs. They are really similar to their cousin, the northern crescent and tawny crescent, and only a trained eye can spot the differences among these. A siphoning technique is used to consume nectar from flowers and especially from the aster nectar plant. The aster plant also acts as a host plant. The butterflies feed on the nectar in open sunny areas with the help of their coiled tongue or proboscis.

If you enjoy reading this article, check out the purple emperor butterfly and the blister beetle.

Pearl Crescent Butterfly

Fact File

What do they prey on?


What do they eat?


Average litter size?


How much do they weigh?


How long are they?

0.6-0.7 in

How tall are they?


What do they look like?

Black and Orange

Skin Type


What are their main threats?

Humans (Habitat loss)

What is their conservation status?

Not Listed

Where you'll find them

Grasslands, Forests


Northern America





Scientific Name

Phyciodes tharos





Pearl Crescent Butterfly Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Pearl Crescent Butterfly?

The pearl crescent butterfly, as the name suggests, is a type of butterfly that belongs to the family Nymphalidae.

What class of animal does a Pearl Crescent Butterfly belong to?

Pearl crescent butterflies belong to the class Insecta.

How many Pearl Crescent Butterflies are there in the world?

The pearl crescent is one of the most common species of butterfly in North America. Despite this, or perhaps because of this, it is hard to get an accurate estimate of their total population.

Where does a Pearl Crescent Butterfly live?

Pearl crescent is common in woodlands, open pine woods, and forests in North America. More specifically, the pearl crescent butterfly range is defined at its northern extreme by the Alberta province of Canada, populating places all the way following the east coast of the United States to Mexico. They are even found in the southern provinces of Canada, such as Ontario. There are populations of this butterfly in many states of the southern USA including Florida and Texas.

What is a Pearl Crescent Butterfly's habitat?

Pearl crescent's habitat includes sunny, open areas such as fields, roadsides, pastures, and meadows. These birds come into close contact with humans in many agricultural settings.

Who do Pearl Crescent Butterflies live with?

Pearl crescent cohabitation habits are an intriguing aspect of these butterflies' lives. The females tend to get along just fine, but the males tend to be territorial and drive others from their puddles (or similar water source). This behavior may be to ward off potential mating competition. This aggressive behavior is seen towards other butterfly species too.

How long does a Pearl Crescent Butterfly live?

The lifespan of the pearl crescent is not known, however, butterflies, in general, can live up to 12 months.

How do they reproduce?

Reproduction in pearl crescents starts off with courtship rituals. The males patrol and fly about the host plants. If the female is receptive to the patroling male, then she would land on the host plant and spread her wings. The males also land, flutter, and flaunt their wings. If the female closes its wings, the males know that their advances have been denied. The female lays between 20-200 eggs on the underside of the leaves of the host plant. On average, they lay about 36 eggs. Once the eggs hatch, the larvae are on their own and get no parental support.

What is their conservation status?

The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of threatened species does not make a mention of these butterflies. Nature Serve conservation status lists its status as secure.

Pearl Crescent Butterfly Fun Facts

What do Pearl Crescent Butterflies look like?

Pearl crescent butterfly is colorful and beautiful.

Pearl crescent is a medium-sized butterfly that has wings of orange with black borders. Their crescent name comes from the dark marginal patch on their hindwings that has the shape of a light-colored crescent. Their color varies depending on the season in which they are born. The summer generations tend to be lighter in color compared to the ones that hatch in spring. The looks of the butterflies change drastically in every life stage. Their eggs are green, while as larvae they are brown or dark brown with tiny white spots. As the larvae develop into caterpillars, their adult colors begin to develop with bands of yellow on their dark brown or black bodies.

How cute are they?

Butterflies are some of the prettiest animals there are. Whether you would call these elegant and colorful pearl crescent butterflies cute is up to you, but they certainly are pleasing to look at.

How do they communicate?

Pearl crescent's communication is limited to their interactions during the mating season. The males communicate their intent to mate by patroling host plants. If the female is interested, it will spread its wings, and close them if unreceptive to the male's advances.

How big is a Pearl Crescent Butterfly?

Pearl crescents are a medium-sized butterfly species whose body is between 0.6-0.7in long. It is about the same size as a northern crescent butterfly.

How fast can a Pearl Crescent Butterfly run?

There has not been enough research conducted to calculate the flying speed of the pearl crescent. The flying speed of other butterflies however can give us a rough idea about their speed and we can assume that the pearl crescent can fly at speeds between 5-12 mph.

How much does a Pearl Crescent Butterfly weigh?

The weight of the pearl crescent is negligible much like other butterflies and insects. An average butterfly weighs about 0.017 oz (0.5 g).

What are their male and female names of the species?

There are no unique names for male and female butterflies.

What would you call a baby Pearl Crescent Butterfly?

Depending on the stage of life, a baby pearl crescent may be referred to as a larva or caterpillar.

What do they eat?

Pearl crescents are herbivores and thus feed on plants exclusively. Their main source of food is nectar from various flowers such as dog-bane, swamp milkweed, asters, white clover, and daisies. As caterpillars, they mostly feed on leaves. The Asters also act as a hosting plant during reproduction and the females lay the eggs on its leaves.

Are they poisonous?

Pearl crescent butterflies are harmless and aren't poisonous.

Would they make a good pet?

Their short lifespans do not make them a great first choice of pet. They even need some space to fly around which is hard to accommodate. As caterpillars though, they can be great, no-hassle companions.

Did you know...

The pearl crescent bears a close resemblance to the northern crescent. They both share the same orange with black wings. The northern crescent is slightly more open in the hindwing and has a distinct dark patch in the middle of the hindwing.

Pearl crescent butterfly host plant

Pearl crescents lay their eggs on the leaves of host plants. Generally, these eggs are laid on the underside of the leaves of the aster. Once the eggs hatch, the larva crawls down from the underside of the plants as they feed on the leaves and other parts of the plant.

Silvery checkerspot vs Pearl Crescent

Much like the pearl crescent, the silvery checkerspot too is a butterfly native to North America. These two look really similar and there are only subtle differences that set them apart. Their spots can help in the identification. The silvery checkerspot has crescent-shaped dots on its hindwing with paler middles. The spots on the hindwing of the pearl crescent are solid and dark black in color.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other arthropods including morpho butterfly facts and house centipede facts.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable pearl crescent butterfly coloring pages.



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