Animals

Oystercatchers: 21 Facts You Won’t Believe!

Oystercatchers facts about the American Oystercatcher species
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Wandering around the seashore, breathing fresh air, is an experience which most of us may label with the quote "this is when life happens". Living this experience might have led one to witness the gathering of waders such as oystercatchers (Haematopus palliatus). Waders, like oystercatchers, are shorebirds in general. Sighting this unique looking bird with a bright, long dark red beak and comparatively longer legs is a beautiful experience in itself. This species draws its name oystercatchers from its liking for oysters as a part of its diet along with clams, mollusks, shellfish, and shrimps. English naturalist Mark Catesby named it an oystercatcher as he observed it feeding on oysters around the year 1731.

This fact file is a collection of information on this American shorebird, scientifically known as Haematopus palliatus. Afterward, do check our other articles on turkey and chicken as well.

Oystercatchers

Fact File

What do they prey on?

Shellfish, mussels, oysters, crabs, and sea urchin

What do they eat?

Carnivores

Average litter size?

2-4 eggs

How much do they weigh?

0.44-0.90 lb (0.19-0.40 kg)

How long are they?

16-19 in (40.6-48.2 cm)


How tall are they?

28-36 in (71.1-91.4 cm) (wingspan)


What do they look like?

Black and white feathers along with a red beak

Skin Type

Feathers

What are their main threats?

Habitat loss and hunting

What is their conservation status?

Not Extinct

Where you'll find them

Coastal Regions

Locations

Europe, North America, China, and Korea

Kingdom

Animalia

Class

Aves

Scientific Name

Haematopus palliatus

Family

Haematopodidae

Genus

Haematopus

Oystercatchers Interesting Facts

What type of animal are oystercatchers?

The American oystercatcher, like any other wader, is a bird, generally sighted near the coastal areas or the shorelines. These birds wander around the seashores, feeding on the shore, socializing with their own type and others in the vicinity.

What class of animal does an oystercatcher belong to?

The oystercatcher (Haematopus palliatus) is a bird that has a unique plumage that appears as it grows into an adult bird and a long beak that assists in catching oysters from the shallow waters near the seashore.

How many oystercatchers are there in the world?

In the early 2000s, the breeding population of the oystercatcher species was estimated somewhere around 74,000-76,000 in number. Now, they are around 43,000 in number according to a recent survey and this decline has been attributed to the shellfish industry, which has reduced the quantity of prey available. Concerted efforts for the conservation of the species are extremely important.

Where do oystercatchers live?

The oystercatcher (haematopus palliatus) is often restricted to seashores. American oystercatchers are mostly found in the Atlantic region and the coastal regions of the United States. They also breed in Europe, Siberia, and Asia, they are found in China and the Coastal region of Korea. They prefer regions that are abundant in oysters, clams, and mollusks for their diet.

What is an oystercatcher’s habitat?

These waders prefer breeding around beaches with seashells and aquatic arthropods to feed on. Along the coastline, they often look for marshy areas with dead plants and wrack to build their nests.

Who do oystercatchers live with?

An American oystercatcher may live alone or in small groups known as a parcel or stew. During the summer season, these birds tend to flock in small family groups. While in winter, American Oystercatcher birds gather in larger groups with more members for easy survival.

How long do oystercatchers live?

The average lifespan of an American oystercatcher may go up to 15-20 years. But some adult oystercatchers have been reported to have lived for as long as 25-40 years.

How do they reproduce?

American oystercatchers bird species are reported to live monogamous life. As per, American oystercatcher breeds around the spring season, performing courtship and using their vocals to attract the opposite sex. Their reproductive cycle is similar to other Aves. The chicks are able to leave the nests within a day of hatching and are taken care of by both the parents till they are capable of fledging.

What is their conservation status?

Since the black oystercatchers prefer very restricted habitats for survival, there has been a decline in their number from the past few decades. These birds are considered as Least Concern species, but too much interference in their natural habitat can pose a serious threat to their survival and necessitate their conservation.

Oystercatchers Fun Facts

What do oystercatchers look like?

American oystercatcher is a large wader known for its unique physical features. It has a long beak and has a dark brown iris with an orange ring around its eyes. Its head is a color of black and the underside of its body is white in color. The American oystercatcher has long pink legs without hallux and has wings that are a shade of brown.

The American oystercatcher belongs to the family Haematopodidae and feeds on raw oysters and shellfish.

How cute are they?

An oystercatcher is most definitely a cute bird with its unique and colorful features adding to Its beauty. One needs to visit a beach to spot these seashore birds. Hence they appear cuter to their visitors.

How do they communicate?

These birds are loud and produce a variety of sounds for communicating. One may hear them making loud ‘weeeee’ sounds or may hear them giving out a series of loud pitched whistles and piping sounds especially during the courtship display.

How big are oystercatchers?

An American oystercatcher is a large sized bird. Its body length is somewhere in the range of 16-19 (40.6-48.2 cm) in and its wingspan can measure around 28-36 in (71.1-91.4 cm).

How fast can oystercatchers run?

The American oystercatcher has a decent speed for running. There are no proper numbers to depict their speed, but these breeding birds are quite often spotted running and walking.

How much do oystercatchers weigh?

These American birds are larger in size but comparatively, weigh less. Oystercatcher's range of weight is between 0.44-0.90 lb (0.19-0.40 kg).

What are the male and female names of the species?

Both female and male oystercatchers are referred to by the same name. These breeding birds do not have much difference in appearance. But a male may have a blunt bill while a female may have a more pointy looking bill.

What would you call a baby oystercatcher?

A baby oystercatcher is referred to as a chick. These chicks may stay with their parents till they turn into juveniles and fledge when they are capable of surviving alone. Even though these are raised along the seashore, they are fed mostly worms from the surroundings, since they cannot reach the seashore on their own right after their birth.

What do they eat?

From their name, one may think that these American birds may only feed on oysters, but that's not completely true. Their diet consists of a variety of sea animals such as mussels, sea worms, jellyfish, sea urchins, and sea crabs to name some.

Are they aggressive?

While on the beach American oystercatchers act docile most of the time. But one needs to be careful in their vicinity since they fly like horizontal rockets and may purposely clash with the wandering intruders. Also, they may act aggressively during their mating season to appear stronger and more suitable to be selected as a mating partner.

Would they make a good pet?

These are wild birds and are not to be taken as pets. American oystercatchers are very particular about their habitat and need open spaces and fresh air for survival, which we cannot provide them within the confinement of our houses. So they are not suitable for domesticating.

Did you know...

Oystercatcher birds are the warders with the heaviest beak and these are very resourceful to these birds. Oystercatcher palliatus are sometimes seen performing egg dumping, where American oystercatchers lay their eggs in the nests of other birds such as seagulls, just like cuckoo birds. These eggs are taken care of by the seagulls and not oystercatchers themselves.

What is an oystercatcher trophic level?

Oystercatchers feed on small aquatic animals. This is an indication of their total carnivore behavior. Hence they are considered secondary consumers in the food chain.

Why do oystercatchers have red beaks?

An American oystercatcher like any other sea shorebird has a bright orangeish red beak. One reason for having a colorful beak is that it helps them in disguising their beaks as a small worm or other small organisms that may trick the aquatic arthropod as a small prey so that it can come up to feed itself near the seashore and get caught by the oystercatcher bird.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! For more relatable content, check out these eagle facts and Cooper's hawk facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our oystercatchers coloring pages.

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