21 Amaze-wing Facts About The Ornate Hawk-Eagle For Kids

Ornate hawk-eagle facts talk about the world of these spiky crest birds

Want to learn cool facts about a powerful eagle? In this article, you will get to learn some interesting facts about the ornate hawk-eagle.

The ornate hawk-eagle (Spizaetus ornatus) is a member of the Accipitridae family of the order Accipitriformes. Largely distributed from southern Mexico, through southern and central America to the Amazon basin, they are one of the greatest raptor species on the planet. Found mainly in the forest interior, they are covered in bright plumage of white, black, and chestnut colors. The upper parts of the body which include the chest and throat area are white. Their chestnut head and neck, black back, and upper wings, with their large black crest, make them stand out among other species. This species of eagle feed on other birds and small mammals. They can be seen hovering high up in the sky in the morning looking for prey. Once they spot their prey, they swoop down swiftly and silently and pick up the prey from the ground or top of trees. Their breeding activity varies at different times of the year, depending on the region. Males and females mate after an elaborate courtship display to lay an egg in their nest. Both parents take part in incubating and nurturing the baby till it is capable of living on its own. Human activities like widespread deforestation and habitat fragmentation have imposed threats on these birds. Their numbers are decreasing, which is why they have been enlisted as Near Threatened.

Continue reading to learn more about these birds, and if you like this article, then check out the hawk and eagle.

Ornate hawk-eagle

Fact File

What do they prey on?

Birds, Small Mammals

What do they eat?


Average litter size?


How much do they weigh?

34-56.43 oz (964-1600 g)

How long are they?

22.83-26.37 in (58-67 cm)

How tall are they?


What do they look like?

White, Black, Chestnut

Skin Type


What are their main threats?


What is their conservation status?

Near Threatened

Where you'll find them



Southern Mexico to Northern Argentina





Scientific Name

Spizaetus ornatus





Ornate Hawk-Eagle Interesting Facts

What type of animal is an ornate hawk-eagle?

The ornate hawk-eagles are raptors from the Accipitridae family.

What class of animal does an ornate hawk-eagle belong to?

This eagle species belongs to the class Aves of the animal kingdom.

How many ornate hawk-eagles are there in the world?

An independent study by American Bird Conservancy has estimated the total number of these birds currently living on this planet to be over 50,000.

Where does an ornate hawk-eagle live?

These raptors are found in the forests from southern Mexico to central and southern America. They are spotted in the forest fragments from the western side of the Andes to northwestern Peru and from the eastern side of the Andes to northern Argentina.

What is an ornate hawk-eagle's habitat?

One of the great raptor species in the world, they live in tropical and subtropical regions. Spizaetus ornatus prefer tall wet rainforests; however, they can also be spotted in the pine forests of Mexico and Belize. These birds can be seen in the lowland region and middle elevations, too.

Who do ornate hawk-eagles live with?

These eagles, like most other species of raptors, do not live in large groups. They breed once every two years and during this period, the male and female stay together and take care of the young one.

How long does an ornate hawk-eagle live?

Their average life span is not known yet. However, they are known to live long years like most eagles. Eagles have the longest life span among birds.

How do they reproduce?

Ornate hawk eagles usually mate for life. The male and female of the species build a nest in the fork of a high tree. Made of leaves, twigs, sticks, and other materials, these nests are sturdy and used for several breeding attempts over many years. In Central America, the breeding season lasts from December to September, while in Brazil, it is from August to January. During this time, the female lays one white to pale bluish egg in their stick nest and both parents take part in incubation, which lasts for about 48 days. While the female mostly sits on the eggs, the male finds food for both of them. Once the egg hatches, the male continues finding food, while the female feeds it. When the baby starts flying, which is about 10-13 weeks after hatching, the male spends more time caring for the baby until it becomes fully independent.

What is their conservation status?

Under the International Union for Conservation of Nature or IUCN Red List, the species has been classified as Nearly Threatened. Widespread deforestation and human settlements in and around forest habitats are posing threats to their population.

Ornate Hawk-Eagle Fun Facts

What do ornate hawk-eagles look like?

(Ornate hawk-eagles with their white-tip wing coverts and underparts face the threat of habitat fragmentation.

The adult ornate hawk eagles do not go unnoticed because of their chestnut plumage, with the added tinge of black and white. These prey species have a white chest and throat, chestnut head and neck, chestnut sides, and black back and upper wings. The underparts of the bird's body are covered in white feathers with bold black markings, which reach down to its legs. The bird has a long black tail with a white tip. Three gray-brown bars are marked across the length of the tail. The birds also have piercing golden eyes, a black hooked beak, and yellow feet. Ornate hawk-eagle wings range between 35.43-47.24 in (90-120 cm) in length. The underparts of the flight feathers have a pale gray coloration with black bars on them. A salient feature of these birds is the long black crest which, although remains flattened most of the time, can be raised when alarmed or curious. The young differ from the adults in terms of appearance.

How cute are they?

This is a predatory bird. They swoop down from a high altitude and pick their prey from the ground. Although they have a striking appearance, they are not considered cute by most people.

How do they communicate?

They make short pipping sounds and repeat their call 2-9 times while they are in the air, to make their presence felt.

How big is an ornate hawk-eagle?

Their body length is about 22.83-26.37 in (58-67 cm).

They are more than 1.5 times smaller than the Harpy eagle, the largest eagle in the world, which ranges in size from 35-41 in (89-105 cm).

How fast can an ornate hawk-eagle fly?

This bird is a powerful and stealthy raptor. They fly swiftly between perches and often swoop down from high altitudes or well-hidden branches of trees to capture their prey on the ground or on the top of trees.  

How much does an ornate hawk-eagle weigh?

They weigh about 34-56.43 oz (964-1600 g).

What are the male and female names of the species?

The males are called cocks and the females are called hens.

What would you call a baby ornate hawk-eagle?

A baby hawk-eagle is called a chick.

What do they eat?

The ornate hawk-eagle prey includes many birds and some small mammals. They live by hunting on birds like macaws, parrots, blue herons, guans, and even chickens, among others. Squirrels, rats, certain reptiles like snakes and lizards are also hunted by them. Apparently, these birds of prey can lift animals almost twice their weight and feed on them either by lifting them off the ground and carrying them to their nest or eating their prey on the spot itself.  

Are they dangerous?

They are powerful birds of prey, who live by hunting prey. So yes, they are pretty dangerous.  

Would they make a good pet?

They are birds of the wild and are usually not kept as pets by people.

Did you know...

Of the two subspecies of Spizaetus ornatus, Spizaetus ornatus vicarius (S. o. vicarius) have brighter chestnut plumage, as compared with Spizaetus ornatus ornatus (S. o. ornatus).

The main difference between falcons, hawks, and eagles is based on their respective sizes. While eagles are considered to be the largest raptor species, some falcons weigh very little. Hawks are somewhere between the two in terms of size.

Where can you see an ornate hawk-eagle in Yucatan?

We can find them in La Reserva Estatal Biocultural del Puuc. You can also see them at Noh-Bec, Uitziná, Porral, and Chanchakan.

Why are they called ornate hawk-eagles?

The name ornate hawk-eagle is apt for these birds since they are ornate or beautifully adorned in bright plumage with golden eyes, black beak, and yellow cere and feet. These features set them apart from other birds.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other birds from our common black hawk facts and mountain hawk-eagle facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable hawk coloring pages.



At Kidadl we pride ourselves on offering families original ideas to make the most of time spent together at home or out and about, wherever you are in the world. We strive to recommend the very best things that are suggested by our community and are things we would do ourselves - our aim is to be the trusted friend to parents.

We try our very best, but cannot guarantee perfection. We will always aim to give you accurate information at the date of publication - however, information does change, so it’s important you do your own research, double-check and make the decision that is right for your family.

Kidadl provides inspiration to entertain and educate your children. We recognise that not all activities and ideas are appropriate and suitable for all children and families or in all circumstances. Our recommended activities are based on age but these are a guide. We recommend that these ideas are used as inspiration, that ideas are undertaken with appropriate adult supervision, and that each adult uses their own discretion and knowledge of their children to consider the safety and suitability.

Kidadl cannot accept liability for the execution of these ideas, and parental supervision is advised at all times, as safety is paramount. Anyone using the information provided by Kidadl does so at their own risk and we can not accept liability if things go wrong.

Sponsorship & Advertising Policy

Kidadl is independent and to make our service free to you the reader we are supported by advertising.

We hope you love our recommendations for products and services! What we suggest is selected independently by the Kidadl team. If you purchase using the buy now button we may earn a small commission. This does not influence our choices. Please note: prices are correct and items are available at the time the article was published.

Kidadl has a number of affiliate partners that we work with including Amazon. Please note that Kidadl is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.

We also link to other websites, but are not responsible for their content.

Read our Sponsorship & Advertising Policy
Get The Kidadl Newsletter

1,000 of inspirational ideas direct to your inbox for things to do with your kids.

Thank you! Your newsletter will be with you soon.
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.
No items found.
No items found.