Animals

Oberhasli Goat: 21 Facts You Won’t Believe!

Oberhasli goat facts are interesting and fun to read about
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Are you interested in learning about different types of animals? The Oberhasli goat, formerly known as the Swiss Alpine goat is a domesticated breed of goats. This dairy breed has its origin in the mountain areas of Freiburg, Bern, Graubunden, and Glarus in Switzerland. These animals were imported to the United States of America in 1900 and later were established as a purebred goat. Even though this breed has been present in the United States for quite a while, its population still remains low. This goat has a Chamoisée color. It has a nearly all-black forehead with a black belly. Its two, distinct black stripes are present near its eyes and go all the way to its dark, black muzzle. These black stripes are also present close to the base of each ear and run across along the neck and back to the tail as a dorsal stripe. Ducks differ in size and appearance from does. These animals are bred domestically, especially for their high-quality milk.

Keep reading to find out more about this dairy goat breed. For more relatable content, check out these uakari facts and brown hare facts for kids.

Oberhasli goat

Fact File

What do they prey on?

N/A

What do they eat?

Herbivore

Average litter size?

2

How much do they weigh?

Bucks: 150 lb (68 kg) Does: 120 lb (54.43 kg)

How long are they?

N/A

How tall are they?

Bucks: 30 in (76.2 cm)

Does: 28 in (71.12 cm)


What do they look like?

Chamoisée with a nearly black forehead and belly

Skin Type

Fur

What are their main threats?

N/A

What is their conservation status?

Not Listed

Where you'll find them

Cooler climates

Locations

United States, Switzerland, Italy

Kingdom

Animalia

Class

Mammalia

Scientific Name

Capra aegagrus hircus

Family

Bovidae

Genus

Capra

Oberhasli Goat Interesting Facts

What type of animal is an Oberhasli goat?

An Oberhasli goat, as the name suggests, is a type of goat. This goat has distinct black stripes across its deep red body and has a dark, black belly.

What class of animal does an Oberhasli goat belong to?

The Oberhasli goat belongs to the class Mammalia.

How many Oberhasli goats are there in the world?

More research needs to be conducted to calculate the total population of these Swiss Alpine goats. According to recent estimates, there are about 1,729 Oberhasli goats in America, 6,237 in Italy, 3,000 in Austria, and 9,320 in Switzerland, Europe.

Where does an Oberhasli goat live?

The Oberhasli goat breed has its origin in the mountainous regions of Freiburg, Bern, Graubunden, and Glarus in Switzerland. It was imported to the United States of America in the 20th century.

What is an Oberhasli goat's habitat?

The Oberhasli goat is a domesticated animal and its habitat can differ. Overall, these animals prefer to stay in colder climates.

Who do Oberhasli goats live with?

Goats by nature are very social and they live in groups known as herds. The Oberhasli goat is no exception and loves being in the company of others.

How long does an Oberhasli goat live?

Oberhasli goat has a lifespan between eight and 12 years.

How do they reproduce?

The Swiss Alpine goat reaches sexual maturity between three and 12 months of age. Each breeding cycle lasts for about 17-23 days. These animals usually give birth to twins and at times can even give birth to triplets.

What is their conservation status?

The Oberhasli goat is Not Listed in the Internation Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. However, it has been given the status of 'Recovering' by the Livestock Conservancy and 'At Risk' by the FAO Domestic Animal Diversity Information System.

Oberhasli Goat Fun Facts

What do Oberhasli goats look like?

The Oberhasli is a medium-sized goat that has a straight face with erect ears and lacks horns. They have distinct markings over their body, including two black stripes down their face. They are usually Chamoisée in color, which is a shade of brown with hues of deep red bay, tan and black. Their forehead is almost fully black and they also have a black belly. Bucks can usually be seen with more black on their heads than females. Bucks also have more white hairs than their female counterparts. The Oberhasli goat can also be nearly all black in color due to recessive genes.

The Oberhasli goat is a fascinating creature to read about.

How cute are they?

Just like a deer, the super friendly nature of these animals and their sweet face makes them very cute.

How do they communicate?

The Oberhasli goat communicates through bleating. This is most commonly used by mother goats to call their kids. Some studies suggest that these goats can also communicate with their gaze. At times they stare if they need help or are feeling uncomfortable.

How big is an Oberhasli goat?

The average Oberhasli goat size is different for males and females. Female Oberhaslis (does) have a height of about 28 in (71.12 cm) and males (bucks) have a height of 30 in (76.2 cm). They are taller than a Nigerian dwarf goat.

How fast can an Oberhasli goat move?

There has not been enough research conducted to calculate the speed of an Oberhasli goat.

How much does an Oberhasli goat weigh?

Bucks and does differ in weight. Oberhasli goat bucks are heavier and weigh 150 lb (68 kg), whereas females weigh close to 120 lb (54.43 kg). However, regular mountain goats are heavier than them.

What are their male and female names of the species?

Male Oberhasli goats can be referred to as billies or bucks. Females are known as does or nannies.

What would you call a baby Oberhasli goat?

Baby Oberhaslis or immature Oberhasli goats can be referred to as kids.  

What do they eat?

Oberhasli goats like all goats are herbivores. Leaves, herbs, shrubs, tree barks, and weeds can easily be enjoyed and nibbled away by these goats. During winter, alfalfa hay is a great option that provides the required vitamins and minerals. An Oberhasli goat needs close to 2-4 lb (0.9-1.8 kg) of hay every single day.

Are they poisonous?

Oberhasli goats are not poisonous and do not cause any harm to human beings. In fact, they are one of the most docile breeds of goats and are super friendly with humans.

Would they make a good pet?

Oberhasli goats can be raised on farms. They are strong animals with docile personalities. They are friendly in nature and make for excellent pack animals. Feeding them a good mix of proteins, vitamins and minerals is a must. Shrubs, leaves, tree barks, and hay offer good nutrition. Oberhasli goat breeders can also choose to feed these animals a grain mix or a mineral mix. The shelter for these animals needs to have proper bedding, access to water and food, and ventilation.

Did you know...

The all-time Oberhasli goat milk production record is 4,665 lb (2116.0084 kg) of milk in 3o4 days!

These goats have distinct black stripes all over their bodies. It has two black stripes running from its eyes to its black muzzle and also has stripes that run from the base of each ear and go along the neck and back again to its tail, creating a dorsal stripe.

What are Oberhasli goats used for?

The Oberhasli goat is mainly used for milk production. On average, a female Oberhasli goat can produce between 930-4,450 lb (421.841 - 2018.486 kg) of milk during lactation. Oberhasli goat milk has a good percentage of fat and protein. It contains about 3.9% butterfat and 2.9% protein.

Where do Oberhasli goats originate from?

The Oberhasli goat has its origins in the mountain regions of Switzerland. This breed was initially known as the Swiss Alpine goat. This breed made its way along with a stock of five Chamoisée colored goats to the United States in the early 1900s and was bred with French and American Alpine goats. It was only in the year 1936 that purebreds were established. During the period of 1978-1979, the Oberhasli goat was accepted as a separate breed by the American Dairy Goat Association.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other mammals from our Sumatran elephant facts and Alpine ibex facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable oberhasli goat coloring pages.

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