15 Pawfect Facts About The Kelpie Dog Kids Will Love

Read these Kelpie dog facts for all Kelpie dog breed info

The Australian Kelpie dog is used as a cattle dog for its natural herding instinct. The dog can be trained easily to do any farm work because of its high intelligence and agility levels. It cannot be left alone for a long duration as it can cause destruction of furniture by chewing on it. The Australian Kelpie also has an average amount of shedding and cannot live in a cramped place like an apartment. It needs an open field like a farm or ranch where it could play and train. It has high trainability potential and can easily learn new tricks. This active dog breed needs vigorous exercise on a daily basis and grooming to maintain the shine of the coat.

Kelpie temperament is very friendly, making this working dog an ideal pet for families with kids. Working Kelpie dog breed is widely used for search and rescue operations across Australia. This breed has been recognized by the American Kennel Club, European Breed Standard, and Working Kelpie Council of Australia. The Australian Kelpie's life expectancy ranges between 10-14 years. After reading about the working Kelpie dog facts, you may also look at Tibetan mastiff and Dogo Argintino if you want to learn about other dog breeds.

Kelpie dog

Fact File

What do they prey on?

Small animals and birds

What do they eat?


Average litter size?


How much do they weigh?

30-45 lb

How long are they?


How tall are they?

Male: 18-21 in

Female: 17-19 in

What do they look like?

Balk with tan markings, red with tan markings, chocolatey, fawn

Skin Type

Fur coat

What are their main threats?

Hip dysplasia, patellar luxation, cerebellar abiotrophy

What is their conservation status?


Where you'll find them

Farm, ranch, open fields


Australia, United States of America





Scientific Name

Canis lupus familiaris





Kelpie Dog Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Kelpie dog?

The Australian Kelpie dog is a mammal and is a very active and agile dog breed native to Australia. It was initially used as a farm dog and can survive in the hot weather of Australia to collect livestock. It is very intelligent and could be taught all farm work. It has the potential to work without getting fatigued for several hours. It is to date found in the open fields and ranches of Australia.  

What class of animal does a Kelpie dog belong to?

The Australian Kelpie is a mammal and is a medium-sized dog usually found in Australia. This dog has a double coat which is red and tan or black and tan in color. Kelpies are used as herding dogs which can work in the scorching heat of Australia. They have high energy levels and are used in various locations as working dogs.

How many Kelpie dogs are there in the world?

Australian Kelpies are exported to different countries and are used as show dogs, working dogs, herding dogs, and rescue and search dogs. Though Australian dog breeds are rare, Australian Kelpie dogs can be found in their native country. Dog lovers who are willing to own a Kelpie must also have to wait for a long time.

Where does a Kelpie dog live?

A Australian Kelpie dog can thrive on a farm, an open field, or a ranch where it could be trained to carry out tasks and activities which require strength. It needs open space to thrive and develop into its strong and fierce personality. If trained in the initial stages of development, the Australian Kelpie dog can also live in a house, but it is not very friendly towards children or strangers.

What is a Kelpie dog habitat?

The Australian Kelpie dog breed is used as a cattle dog for many years in Australia and the United States. Due to its high intelligence and agility, it is used for carrying out many laborious tasks. It is best suited in a habitat like an open farm, ranch, and field where it has enough place to play and exercise.

Who do Kelpie dogs live with?

No, Australian Kelpie dogs do not live with their packs. Kelpies can live a solitary life out in the wild or can live with human beings on their farm. Some Australian Kelpies are also abandoned by their owners and can be found in dog shelters due to their high mouthing potential and need for regular exercise. It only needs human attention for grooming, training, and physical activities.

How long does a Kelpie dog live?

The Australian Kelpie cattle dog found dominantly in Australia can live for 16 years of age. The life expectancy of this breed is 16 years. Their lifespan can be reduced if Kelpies suffer from health problems like cerebellar abiotrophy and hip dysplasia. The Australian Kelpie can sustain in extreme temperatures and can work continuously in the heat without getting tired. Other health woes can also be fatal if not paid attention to.

How do they reproduce?

All dogs, including the Australian Kelpie, produce through canine copulation. The gestation period in the females is 63-70 days long and new puppies are born after the completion of this phase. The average litter of an Australian Kelpie is 5-6 puppies.

What is their conservation status?

The conservation status of the Australian Kelpie dog breed is currently unknown. The working dog breed is registered under the American Kennel Club and FCI.

Kelpie Dog Fun Facts

What do Kelpie dogs look like?

The Australian Kelpie dog has a double coat. The coat can have a wide range of fur colors ranging from black, blue, fawn and tan. Working Kelpie dogs have long pricked ears and have a strong body which makes them able to work in the harsh sun. The show Australian Kelpies are only used as show dogs in some countries, but the working Australian Kelpie dog is committed to its duty and can easily understand difficult tasks and commands.

An Australian Kelpie dog has long ears.

How cute are they?

Australian Kelpies are cute, but they are often very shy. Working Kelpie dogs love hard labor and could perform any task with proper instructions and training effortlessly. Kelpies are highly intelligent, and their instinct makes them suspicious of strangers. Working Kelpie dog breeds are good around kids and adults but tend to be more inclined towards one member of the family. Kelpies are working dogs and need an open space to thrive and develop. If left alone for a longer time, it is one of the breeds that may cause havoc and destruction as they have high energy levels and a high mouthing potential. Their thick double coat is extremely soft and adds to their overall cuteness.

How do they communicate?

The Australian Kelpie can communicate in low howls, whimpers, whines, and barks. Working Kelpie dogs may even show signs of lethargy which is against their natural behavior, and reduced energy levels, which could mean that the dog is not in good shape. Kelpies may even try to touch the owner or lick a particular spot on their body if there is a wound.

How big is a Kelpie dog?

The Australian Kelpie working dog is a medium-sized dog and is 14-20 in long. The male, as well as the females, have the same height. The weight of a Kelpie dog can range from 30-45 lb and Kelpies can grow up to 60 lb maximum if fed with a nutritious diet and participate in daily physical activity.

How fast can a Kelpie dog run?

The Australian Kelpie dog can run at a speed of 45 km per hour and are famous for their S-shapes and speed. They need an open space for sprinting and stretching their legs. Working Kelpie dogs have a high energy level,  are agile and need a lot of exercise to keep them fit and in fine health. Other areas where working Kelpie dog breeds are used for different purposes include service dogs, working dogs, cattle dogs, herding dogs, search dogs, and rescue dogs due to their high intellectual capabilities.

How much does a Kelpie dog weigh?

The maximum weight of the Australian Kelpie dog breed can reach 60 lb but if your Kelpie weighs more than that it needs exercise which can cut down the extra fat. Extra weight also causes lethargy and tiredness which could hamper the development of your Kelpie dog. Loss in weight can also be experienced after pregnancy in females and both sexes due to health conditions or a poor diet. The Australian Kelpie dog breed could weigh anywhere between 33-44 lb.

What are their male and female names of the species?

There are no different names for the male and female Australian Kelpi.  

What would you call a baby Kelpie dog?

The baby Australian Kelpie dog is generally called a Kelpie dog puppy. There is no scientific name for the Australian Kelpie puppy.

What do they eat?

The Australian Kelpie dog breed is a kind of breed that is very energetic and should be given some task to calm its natural instinct. Eggs, vegetables, and selected fruits can also be a part of their diet. Kibbles, high quality dog food recommended by the veterinarian, should be fed to the working Kelpie. Australian Kelpie should be fed with raw meat which can be consumed by humans as well, for example, chicken, fish, pork, and lamb.  

Are they hypoallergenic?

The Australian Kelpie doesn’t qualify as hypoallergenic dog breed. The Kelpie does not have a strong doggy odor and only needs bathing if it is gathering livestock. The Australian Kelpie dog does not shed intensely, but shedding can get extreme during the shedding season. It must be brushed regularly to keep the fur from matting. The ears of the Australian Kelpie dog must be cleaned regularly.

Would they make a good pet?

The Kelpie, the Australian dog would make a good pet if trained at the initial stages of development. The Kelpie temperament is known to be hyperactive and they tend to chew and nibble on things quite often. If proper agility training and exercise is provided, they can make excellent watchdogs and family dogs. Working Kelpie dogs are affectionate and can make great family companions. Kelpies are very intelligent and offering them training is quite easy. Kelpies cannot be left alone for a long time and need regular training and exercise to ensure good health.

Did you know...

The Australian Kelpie dog tends to nip and chase small children because of their natural herding instincts. Kelpies cannot be left alone with toddlers or young babies. Working Kelpie dogs are not friendly towards other dogs or animals. Kelpies are not cheerful in the company of strangers and might scare guests away. Regular health check-ups are required to ensure the longevity of these dogs.

How far can a Kelpie dog travel in a day?

The Australian Kelpies can travel for 3o miles in a single day without any breaks. Kelpies can work in extreme weather conditions and could round up livestock for the farmers. Working Kelpie dogs require dedicated training to become working or herding dogs in Australia, the US, and Canada.

How do Kelpie dogs get livestock to move?

The Australian Kelpies have a natural instinct of managing and herding domestic livestock. Kelpies can herd sheep, cattle, goats, and other poultry animals to help the farmer. The Australian Kelpie dog manages to move the livestock by jumping on the sheep’s back and weaving around side-by-side. Once this has been achieved, the Australian Kelpie dog leads the sheep forward. It can also nip at the feet of the cattle to keep them moving. Working Kelpie dog breeds are known for herding trials and are also given agility obedience training sessions.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other mammals including toy poodle, or Pekingese facts.

You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one on our Kelpie dog coloring pages.



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