Animals

Did You Know? 17 Incredible Harlequin Toad Facts

Read these harlequin toad facts to learn more about this frog.
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The harlequin toad (Atelopus varius) belongs to the family Bufonidae. This toad is found in Costa Rica in southern Central America as well as in northwestern North America and thus, is sometimes also referred to as a Costa Rican variable harlequin toad. The habitat of this species consists of moist surroundings like that of a rainforest floor, cloud forests, and lowlands. It can be often found near streams where they tend to breed. Not a lot is known about the reproduction of this species, but it has been observed that around 30-75 eggs are laid by females and later fertilized by males. The eggs hatch after 36 hours.

This frog species or amphibian is known to be slim and has a pointed snout. The color of the dorsal part is brown or black with streaks and spots and their colors range from bright green, orange, yellow, red, and blue. The belly of these frogs is known to be freckled with yellow, white, red, and orange. The toes of this species are known to not have discs and are pointed. The harlequin toad size is considered to be small and the diet of this harlequin frog is known to consist of small arthropods like spiders and insects such as caterpillars, ants, and flies. The harlequin frog is placed under the Critically Endangered category of conservation status by the IUCN and is prone to extinction. The main reasons why these toads are facing a population decline are climate change, habitat loss or destruction, and the spread of Chytrid fungus. Not much is known about the measures taken for the conservation of the Harlequin frog.

It is quite fascinating to learn about the Harlequin toad (Atelopus varius) and if you are interested, read our other articles about the common toad and the horned frog too.  

Harlequin Toad

Fact File

What do they prey on?

Spider, insects, and ants

What do they eat?

Carnivore

Average litter size?

30-75 eggs

How much do they weigh?

N/A

How long are they?

1-1.5 in (2.5-3.8 cm)

How tall are they?

N/A

What do they look like?

Black, brown, yellow, and green

Skin Type

Slimy and moist skin

What are their main threats?

Habitat loss

What is their conservation status?

Critically Endangered

Where you'll find them

Rainforests

Locations

Central and South America

Kingdom

Animalia

Class

Amphibia

Scientific Name

Atelopus varius

Family

Bufonidae

Genus

Atelopus

Harlequin Toad Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a harlequin toad?

A harlequin toad is a frog.

What class of animal does a harlequin toad belong to?

Harlequin toads are placed under the amphibian class of animals.

How many harlequin toads are there in the world?

There is no exact count available for the total number of harlequin toads in the world. However, we do know that they are experiencing a decline in their populations.

Where does a harlequin toad live?

The harlequin toad is found mainly in Costa Rica in southern Central America as well as in a northwestern North America range.

What is the harlequin toad's habitat?

The types of habitats that this harlequin toad (Atelopus varius) inhabits consist of moist surroundings like that of a rainforest floor, cloud forests, and lowlands. This toad can be often found near streams where they tend to breed.

Who do harlequin toads live with?

These toads are considered to be solitary in general, however they can be seen in large numbers during the breeding season.

How long does a harlequin toad live?

The average lifespan of these toads or amphibians in captivity is around 10 years.

How do they reproduce?

Females deposit around 30-75 eggs in shallow water or near streams in long strings and the males fertilize them. The hatching of eggs takes place in about 36 hours.

What is their conservation status?

The harlequin toad, also known as a variable harlequin toad, is placed under the Critically Endangered category of conservation status and it is believed that it is prone to extinction.

Harlequin Toad Fun Facts

What do harlequin toads look like?

These frogs are slender-bodied and have a pointed snout. The color of the dorsal part is brown or black with streaks and spots and their colors range from bright green, orange, yellow, red, and blue. They are mostly green or different shades of green. The belly of these frogs is known to be freckled with yellow, white, red, and orange spots. The toes of this species are known to not have discs and are pointed.

The bright color of the body and toes of this frog are some of its most identifiable features.

How cute are they?

The harlequin toad is not considered cute.

How do they communicate?

Not enough is known about the communication of these amphibians, but it is believed that they produce sounds to communicate. Some kind of hand gestures have also been observed among this species to communicate with each other. The males of this species are known to not have vocal sacs and tend to attract females with physical gestures like head and leg twitching, hopping, and stamping.

How big is a harlequin toad?

The size of this wild harlequin toad or the variable harlequin toad is quite small and the length is around 1-1.5 in (2.5-3.8 cm). It is similar in size to the glass frog and quite smaller than a Pacman frog.

How fast can a harlequin toad move?

The exact speed of this wild toad is unknown. It has been observed that this species of frogs do not leap short distances, instead they hop or walk.

How much does a harlequin toad weigh?

The weight of these wild toads is not known.

What are the male and female names of the species?

There are no special names for the male and female of this species.

What would you call a baby harlequin toad?

Baby toads are referred to as tadpoles.

What do they eat?

The diet of these frogs consists of small arthropods like spiders and insects such as caterpillars, ants, and flies.

Are they poisonous?

This frog is known to have glandular skin secretions that are poisonous and are considered to be dangerous for potential predators and even cause harm to humans.

Would they make a good pet?

It is quite uncommon to see these wild toads or frogs as pets.

Did you know...

It is believed that males of this species can lose up to 30% of their body weight during or while breeding.

The smallest of this species has been recorded to measure about 1 in (2.5 cm) in length.

The size of this frog ranges from that of a thumb of a human baby to that of a thumb of an adult.

It has been recorded that the Mindo harlequin toad, an Extinct species as scientific evidence suggests, has been rediscovered. This Extinct species has been rediscovered after 30 years according to scientific records. It has been stated that researchers were not looking for this Extinct species and were there for another frog species.

How do you tame a harlequin toad?

These frogs can be tamed using a dragonfly wing.

Why are harlequin toads endangered?

These frogs are Critically Endangered because of factors like habitat loss, climate change, and the spread of Chytrid fungus disease which is quite deadly. The spread of this Chytrid fungus disease is known to have affected a lot of populations of frog species worldwide. Not much is known about the conservation measures of this species. The populations of this species of toad is known to be prone to extinction.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other amphibians from our golden toad facts and bullfrog facts.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable toad coloring pages.

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