Eurasian Hobby: 15 Facts You Won't Believe!

The best Eurasian hobby facts that you will ever read.

The Eurasian hobby (Falco subbuteo) is a small migratory bird with an unmistakably slender body and long tail. The male has a mostly blue-gray plumage with black spots on his head. Females are browner in coloration than males. They have long pointed wings that allow them to fly quickly while hunting other birds for food such as larks and sparrows. The Eurasian hobby (Falco subbuteo) of the order Falconiformes, family Falconidae, and genus Falco is a relatively small bird with long, pointed wings and a short tail. It can be identified by the brown-and-white bars on its chest that resemble an airmail envelope when it flies!

This species migrates from its habitat in North America to South Africa in search of food during wintering periods. They generally spend most of their time flying at high altitudes but often descend for periods so they can find food close to the earth's surface, or over open water where prey is plentiful. These little birds like to nest on cliffs overlooking rivers or seas where they can find fish.

The color of this bird varies across its range, but they often have light blue-gray upperparts (from the head to the rump) and white underparts (including the throat, breast sides, below the wings, the belly from the chest down, and under the tail coverts). These birds in flight have a different description. They display black primaries contrasting against their lighter gray outer webs on both inner vanes of each feather. All other wing feathers have dark brown or even slate-colored markings that fade into whiter tips in some individuals while others retain these darker patterns throughout. This type of bird has structural features such as a flexible neck, allowing for quick turns when catching prey during aerial pursuits. The Eurasian falcon population is a beautiful bird that has been recognized as one of the most elegant birds in North America.

For more relatable content, check out these bird of paradise facts and dove facts for kids.

Eurasian Hobby

Fact File

What do they prey on?

House martins, insects, small birds like swallows, dragonflies, larks, sparrows, and swifts

What do they eat?


Average litter size?


How much do they weigh?

0.3-0.6 lb (150-300 g)

How long are they?

Length: 12-15 in (30-36 cm)

Wingspan: 30-33 in (74-84 cm)

How tall are they?


What do they look like?

Gray, white, brown, black, red, yellow

Skin Type


What are their main threats?

Humans, wolves, foxes

What is their conservation status?

Least Concern

Where you'll find them

Woodland, nests, trees, open areas


Europe, North America, Africa





Scientific Name

Falco subbuteo





Eurasian Hobby Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a Eurasian hobby?

The Eurasian hobby (Falco subbuteo) is a type of bird that can be found scattered across its habitat in Europe, and sometimes in central Africa.

What class of animal does a Eurasian hobby belong to?

The Eurasian hobby belongs to the class of animals known by the name Aves, just like other birds in flight, including hawks!

How many Eurasian hobbies are there in the world?

These birds have been divided into several different subspecies based on a different flight patterns, prey preferences, and nests, but the total population of these birds remains unknown.

Where does a Eurasian hobby live?

The Eurasian hobby bird typically inhabits a wide range of habitats including woodland regions as well as gardens in some suburban areas. In its habitat range, it enjoys spending time looking for food like insects on plants and flowers along with seeds from crops such as grasses that have fallen to the ground. They also can be found in open areas.

What is a Eurasian hobby's habitat?

The Eurasian hobby can be found predominantly scattered throughout and near eastern Europe, but they also inhabit northern Africa too and areas of Asia! The bird typically thrives when it finds a wetland area where there are abundant resources close by such as lakes and swamps that provide food sources like fish or insects within easy reach!

Who do Eurasian hobbies live with?

Eurasian hobbies are known for living in large groups, oftentimes alongside other types of birds native to the region like Oriental honey buzzards or the white-rumped sandpiper. Eurasian hobbies generally travel alone, but they stay close to one another during the breeding season when they form small groups while looking out over their territory. In these groups, they settle down on top of trees and build a nest from grasses found nearby!

How long does a Eurasian hobby live?

Eurasian hobby birds of the order Falconiformes, family Falconidae, and genus Falco can live for about 16 years! A common bird in Europe and Asia, it feeds on earthworms, garden spiders, and insects.

How do they reproduce?

With such a short life cycle, this bird species has developed some interesting breeding strategies. Males build elaborate nests out of grasses and other natural materials. Females then lay eggs in these nests. This amazing species lays four eggs in each nest, which hatch after about 30 days of incubation by both parents on their rocky cliffside nesting grounds.

What is their conservation status?

As of now, the species' conservation status is Least Concern.

Eurasian Hobby Fun Facts

What do Eurasian hobbies look like?

Eurasian hobby birds sport an orange-brown ensemble which makes them very difficult to spot among grasses and shrubs. They also come equipped with long tails and talons which serve as warnings against approaching animals. Eurasian hobbies tend to be brightly colored birds with cute little talons. Male Eurasian hobbies' chests reflect a light white hue in contrast to their dark upper backsides, while, a female's head appears more streaky than her male counterpart's. Both male and female birds have patches of vibrant oranges against muted browns across their bodies which become slightly darker towards their wings and tails.

The identification of the Eurasian hobby species is very easy with its typical Eurasian hobby wing.

How cute are they?

Eurasian hobby falcons are absolutely gorgeous and elegant birds with a beautiful color range, especially in the breeding season. Their long necks make them graceful while their large ears give off an intelligent air. The coat of the animal is very interesting in its intricacy, with many different tones ranging from black to browns.

How do they communicate?

Birds of the Eurasian falcon bird species are able to communicate danger amongst one another or share new information about where prey may be hiding so others don't have to waste time searching fruitlessly for prey. Eurasian hobby birds use many different methods to talk to each other including unique songs and body movements like raised wings or beaks.

How big is a Eurasian hobby?

According to data, the average adult Eurasian hobby size ranges between 12-15 in (30-36 cm) in length and 30-33 in (74-84 cm) in its wingspan!

How fast can a Eurasian hobby fly?

These birds absolutely rock when flying as the average Eurasian hobby speed is absolutely mind-blowing. The highest recorded in-flight Eurasian hobby top speed so far is 125 mph (200 kph)!

How much does a Eurasian hobby weigh?

This Eurasian bird species may weigh around 0.3-0.6 lb (150-300 g). These falcon birds are a favorite prey of foxes and wolves alike!

What are their male and female names of the species?

The Eurasian hobby male and female share the same name: Eurasian hobby (Falco subbuteo).

What would you call a baby Eurasian hobby?

Their babies are sometimes referred to as Eurasian hobby chicks, they are commonly found in North America.

What do they eat?

The typical Eurasian hobby falcon diet may consist of insects, small birds, swallows, dragonflies, sparrows, and larks. Food is particularly important when these birds are nesting.

Are they poisonous?

No, these falcons are not poisonous or venomous.

Would they make a good pet?

The Eurasian falcon bird species may make great pets when owned by experienced professionals. These birds often have difficulty finding food sources in their wild environment, but in captivity, these animals can live as long as 20 years or even more with proper care!

Did you know...

The Eurasian hobby call is very peculiar! It can be heard most often at this bird's breeding site.

What's the difference between a Eurasian hobby and a kestrel?

A Eurasian falcon population is not the same as an American kestrel population. The American kestrel species may be a kestrel, but it's actually more closely related to falcons and hawks! A kestrel is an adorable creature that spends most of its time in the air. It can be found all over Africa and Europe, flying through the sky with incredible ease while quickly looping around trees or buildings on long trips across countrysides to find food. Eurasian hobbies are also impressive birds who have mastered flight as well but they're much more likely to spend time closer to the ground than kestrels do. They'll often perch themselves on or near high points like branches, cliffs, telephone poles, or even rooftops!

Are Eurasian hobbies endangered?

Eurasian hobbies are seriously stunning creatures. They're not endangered as they still thrive across parts of Canada, Alaska, California, and Mexico too!

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other birds from these robin facts and magpie facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable eurasian hobby coloring pages.



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