Common frogs are found in the continent of Europe, from Great Britain to central Russia. Common frog (Rana temporaria) is also known as grass common green frog or russet frog. It is a semi-aquatic amphibian which means they can survive on land and water but prefer to stay in moist regions around a source of water. The common frog has three distinct life stages, from aquatic larva, followed by terrestrial juvenile, and then adulthood. Common frogs are not same as Bufo Bufo, the common toad, but they are a different common frog species altogether. The common frogs are born with different colors from olive green to grey-brown, brown, olive-brown, grey, yellow, pink, red, and rufous. They can lighten or darken their skins to match their surroundings. They also have dark patches on the back, stripes on the hind legs, and a dark mask behind their eyes. The common frog has brown eyes with horizontal pupils and transparent inner eyelids to protect its eyes while swimming.
Male and female common frogs can be differentiated by their size; the females are larger than the males. The common frogs can breathe through their lungs and their skin. Loss of habitat is one of the major causes for concern for the decline in the common frog population. The Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Trust (ARC) is working on conservation of amphibians and reptiles including these species. Read on for some of the most interesting common European frog facts. After reading about the common tree frog, do check out our other articles on pool frog and frilled lizard.
The common frog (Rana temporaria) is a type of frog that belongs to the amphibians and reptiles category. As the name suggests, it is commonly found in the Eurasian region from the United Kingdom to Russia. In the semi-urban and urban areas, garden ponds are the most important habitat for the common frog to survive and thrive.
What class of animal does a common frog belong to?
The common frog (Scientific name Rana temporaria) belongs to the amphibian class of animals. They are semi-aquatic animals which means it lives on the land and in water too.
How many common frogs are there in the world?
The exact numbers of common frogs living are difficult to find. But the loss of habitat is one of the major reasons for its declining numbers. Efforts are being made to stop that from happening by creating more garden ponds for their habitat.
Where does a common frog live?
The common frog can be found around any freshwater body. They live in marshes, or in long grasses. They are found in the European region of the UK and Russia. They are found in the snow-covered Alps too. Garden ponds are extremely important for common frogs.
What is a common frog's habitat?
The common frogs are found in damp places around garden ponds, marshes, in long grasses, as these places are important for common frogs. They remain highly active most of the days except hibernating during winters. They are also found in the snow-covered regions of northern Europe where they are known to be trapped under snow for almost nine months of the year. They are known to come out of hibernation around February if the temperatures are rising. Common frogs are known to travel to garden ponds and spawns once the climate becomes warmer. In the Alps, where the winters last for a longer duration, they come out almost around June.
Who do common frogs live with?
The common frog is known to live a solitary life except during the breeding season. They are known to live all by themselves for the rest of their lives.
How long does a common frog live?
The common frog has a life span of 5-10 years. Although due to the loss of their natural habitat, there is a steep decline in their population.
How do they reproduce?
Male common frogs compete to get female attention by having a choir of croaks. Common female frogs are attracted to that male who has the loudest and longest croak. This leads to a lot of noise made by the males. As the females enter the pond, the male grabs her attention by jumping onto her, while kicking the other males who are also looking to get the female's attention. The male then continues to stay onto the female till she lays the eggs. As the eggs are laid, the male sprays his sperms onto them. The tadpoles hatch after three months. The common frog breeding season happens during the spring and in suitable breeding ponds or whenever the temperature reaches 57 degrees Fahrenheit.
What is their conservation status?
IUCN has listed these species as Least Concern. The common frog population is declining rapidly all over Europe due to the loss of its natural habitat and the Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Trust (ARC) is working to improve the situation.
Common Frog Fun Facts
What do common frogs look like?
The common frog looks like a regular frog, as the name suggests. It has smooth, moist skin and long sticky skin, which it uses to catch its prey. They can jump to greater heights due to their long back legs and webbed feet. They have colorful skin which can darken or lighten as per their surrounding. Common frogs have various bands of stripes on their back legs.
How cute are they?
Some people may find them cute, and some may not. But they are certainly strange-looking creatures. From the slimy skins which are only moist and not slimy to their croaking or bulgy eyes, they have an overall strange personality.
How do they communicate?
Male common frogs are known to make croaking noises to attract female common frogs. The air from their lungs is forced over the vocal cords in the throat to make this noise. Apart from the croaking during the mating season, these frogs are not known to have any vocal communication during the rest of the year.
How big is a common frog?
The common frog has a body length of 3-5 in. They are smaller in size, especially the male frogs in comparison to the females, who are known to be bigger.
How fast can a common frog move?
The common frog is known to move at the speed of five miles per hour. They have long hind legs making it possible for them to jump longer.
How much does a common frog weigh?
The common frog weighs 0.04-0.05 lb on average (0.8 oz). As per their size, they are lightweight and agile.
What are their male and female names of the species?
There are no specific names for female and male common frogs. They males are known as male common frog and females are known as female common frog.
What would you call a baby common frog?
Common baby frogs are known as tadpoles, polliwogs, or tiny froglets. After the tadpoles attain the age of around four months, they start to grow back legs and thereafter the front legs. After they have absorbed the tail, they leave the water. The tiny froglets leave the water usually in early summer or early spring after having taken 16 weeks to grow.
What do they eat?
Most common frog feed on a variety of insects, insect larvae, woodlice, spiders, worms, slugs, and snails. This species can smell worms and use this to locate and eat them. Baby common frogs, froglets, or tadpoles are herbivores and feed on a variety of algae and decaying plant matter.
Are they poisonous?
The common frog is not known to be poisonous like its cousins, the poison dart frogs or the golden poison frog. Common frogs and tadpoles can hence be held in hands without any worries.
Would they make a good pet?
The common reed frog plays an important role in maintaining the ecological balance in nature. If you have a simple garden pond, you will have some common frogs, froglets, and tadpoles in them. It is important to let them thrive in their natural habitat rather than caging them. They are good pets because they are not demanding creatures. They prefer living around garden ponds
Did you know...
Common frogs develop faster in warmer climates in comparison to the colder climate.
They are known to change the color of their skin to darken or lighten according to their surroundings like chameleons.
Pollution is a major reason for their loss in natural habitat and decline in the common frog population overall.
Do common frogs live in water?
Common frogs are semi-aquatic creatures which means they can stay on land and in water. As tadpoles, they live in the water. When they turn juvenile, they travel to land, and as adults, too, they live on damp moist land surrounding a water body. Most of the time, they live around a pond or marshy land; only during the spring can they travel up to 500m away from a pond.
When are common frogs most active?
The common frogs are nocturnal creatures which mean they are most active during the night. They are also active during the summer and the spring seasons and are known to hibernate during winter.
Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other amphibians including spotted salamander, or marine toad.
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