30-48 in (76-122 cm)
The California Kingsnake is a non-venomous, docile snake that is primarily harmless to humans. They kill their prey by constriction. These types of Kingsnakes eat other snakes, including their own kind. They are mostly harmless to humans, though they may sometimes bite if they are irritated. In addition, they coil their body and hide their head inside it if they feel disturbed. The average California Kingsnake size ranges from 30-48 in.
California Kingsnakes belong to the class of Reptilia and the family, Colubridae. The scientific name of California Kingsnakes is Lampropeltis getula californiae, and they are part of the Lampropeltis species-genus.
The exact number of California kingsnakes is not known. However, there are several sub-specious of these kingsnakes, some of which are thriving in their natural habitat, while some, like the California Mountain Kingsnake, are declining in number at an alarming rate.
The California Kingsnake habitat spreads across grasslands, woodland chaparral, desert areas, marshes, and suburban areas. They are very adaptive and have been introduced to various suburban areas as pets. They are a very popular pet and bred in captivity to be sold as pets by traders. California Kingsnakes are found in California, Nevada, Oregon, Arizona, Utah, and New Mexico.
California Kingsnakes are found along the West Coast of North America to the southern Sierra Nevada Mountains. They are found in a variety of habitats that include marshes, forests, and even in ranches. They spend a large part of their days on a pile of debris or below fallen leaves. These snakes are often known to hide in man-made structures during both the day and night. California Kingsnakes can also be found in trash cans and sunbathing in clearings. They are known to lay their eggs on a rotten piece of wood or a pile of debris. The temperature range where these snakes can survive is between 75-90 degrees F. However, they might face a lot of problems if the humidity percentage is not plus or minus 10-50%.
Apart from the mating season, the California kingsnake usually lives alone, by itself. The California kingsnakes lay the eggs and leave them alone to hatch by themselves two to three months later. The baby snakes are on their own from the very first day of hatching. They are unique in this regard. In captivity, too, they are mostly kept alone in their separate enclosures.
The California Kingsnake lifespan ranges from 10-15 years. However, there have been instances where the kingsnake has managed to live for more than 20 years as well. They are known to reach sexual maturity around the age of three or four. That is also the time from when they start laying eggs at least once a year.
The mating season for these snakes usually begins in the spring months, after they have undergone shedding. The male snakes usually compete with the other male snakes for the available female snakes. This often results in the competing snakes fighting each other and biting each other's backs. The mating ritual then finally begins with the male California Kingsnake vibrating uncontrollably. The female snakes usually lay eggs about 42-63 days after mating, which is usually in the months of May to August. There are about 3-24 eggs in each clutch, and the hatchlings emerge after 40-65 days. The hatchlings are on their own from the moment of their birth. In the wild, the snakes are known to lay eggs once a year. However, in captivity, they can also be bred to give eggs twice a year.
There are various subspecies and morphs of the California Kingsnake. Some species of these snakes are declining in number; however, most subspecies of the California Kingsnake have been listed as Least Concern by the International Union For Conservation Of Resources (IUCN) in their conservation Red List.
The California Kingsnake usually has a brown or black body with white or whitish-yellow bands or rings on its body. However, there are several morphs of the California Kingsnakes. The banded kingsnakes are the most common, while the lavender albino kingsnakes and the banana albino ones are the rarest.
They are very cute with their shiny scales and color patterns on their backs. The different morphs come in different colors and make exquisite pets. The albino morphs of the kingsnakes are very cute indeed and come in various pastel shades like banana yellow and lavender.
The California kingsnakes hiss and rattle their tales which produces a sound that is very similar to the rattlesnake. They coil their bodies and hide their head in them when disturbed or irritated. They are known to twitch their tails when they are nervous. It is also common for the species to excrete musk and feces when they are being manhandled.
The California Kingsnake is about 30-48 in (76-122 cm) in length and weighs around 0.9-3.3 lb. They are approximately around the same size as pythons and rat snakes.
We do not have any exact information about how fast the California Kingsnake moves, but it is known that they use quick and jerky movements to startle their prey. These snakes are known to skillfully camouflage themselves to hide from their predators and are known to be opportunistic hunters themselves. They eat other small mammals and reptiles in addition to eating other snakes as well.
The average California Kingsnake weighs from 0.9-3.3 lb. This is roughly about the same weight as baby turtles.
These species do not have any distinct names for their males and females. They are simply referred to as female or male California kingsnake snakes.
The newborn kingsnakes are called hatchlings, while the baby snakes are called snakelets. These terms are used for snakes across all species and are not particular only to these types of snakes.
The diet of these snakes mostly comprises small mammals like rodents, lizards, birds, and other snakes, including the rattlesnake. They are known to even eat the skin that they shed themselves.
California kingsnakes are not usually aggressive and are have a docile demeanor. However, they do coil themselves up and hiss if they are disturbed. They are also known to twitch their tails when they are nervous and excrete musk and feces from their cloaca.
Yes, California Kingsnakes make amazing pets as they are easy to care for and have a docile demeanor. They generally come in various colors, though the most common ones are the banded snakes that have a black or brown body. Their glossy scales and unique look makes them an exquisite pet.
The California Kingsnake morphs include the Albino California Kingsnake morph, Chocolate morph, Twin dotted morph, Lavender Albino California Kingsnake morph, California Banded Kingsnake morph, Charcoal black morph, and many more. In fact, there are about 20 different naturally occurring morphs of the California Kingsnake.
The population of some of the subspecies of these kingsnakes is decreasing at quite an alarming rate.
The Southern California Kingsnake shows cannibalistic traits. They often eat other poisonous and non-poisonous snakes, including the rattlesnake. This is also how these snakes have got the name 'Kingsnake' as they are known to eat snakes of the same species as well.
California Kingsnake care is usually hassle-free. The diet of most of these kingsnakes held in captivity consists of pink mice, which are specially bred to feed them. In the wilderness, the kingsnake usually eats rodents, birds, frogs, small mammals, and other such animals. However, like most reptiles, this snake needs space to survive in captivity. The perfect tank size for this species of snake would be a 40-gallon wooden tank.
The California Kingsnake is diurnal in nature. In hot summer months, it is usually nocturnal and comes out only in the nighttime to hunt its prey. Moreover, these snakes are active during the daytime in colder regions while they become nocturnal in hotter climates.
These Kingsnakes are a subspecies of the Common Kingsnake and show several common characteristics with the Common Kingsnake, which are abundant in North America.
These Kingsnakes are insanely popular as pets and usually cost around $50-$100. However, the rarer morphs such as the Banana Albino morph can even cost up to $200.
In the wilderness, these Kingsnakes are known to be skillful hunters, carefully waiting for their prey while camouflaging themselves with their surroundings.
These Kingsnakes are usually harmless to humans and not poisonous at all. There has hardly been any record of the California Kingsnakes hurting humans. However, they can bite if they are irritated or feel threatened.
They have very high muscle power. If compared to their body size, they have the strongest squeeze. This helps them kill their prey by suffocating them with constriction.
These snakes have been introduced artificially into the island of Gran Canaria in Spain, where they were initially bred in captivity.
This snake usually sheds its skin five to six times a year, during which it is almost blind. The younger snakes are known to shed their skins more frequently than the adult snakes. The snakelets usually shed up to once a month.
In the wilderness, these snakes are hunted by hawks, coyotes, and opossums.
These snakes have hinged jaws which allows them to swallow preys that are larger than the size of their heads.
The California Kingsnake is an oviparous snake species; that is, they lay eggs like reptiles as compared to giving live births like some other species of snakes.
The California Kingsnakes play a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance of their habitat, as they keep a check on the population of their prey.
The Desert Kingsnakes are a close relative of the California Kingsnakes.
Upon being disturbed or threatened, the California king snake usually gives off a strong musk-like odor. They often smear fecal matter on an aggressor when they are being manhandled. The California Kingsnake also hisses, vibrates its tail quickly, and rolls into a ball, and hides its head in the coil made by its body. They are also known to bite when they are being manhandled. During the breeding season, the male snakes fight each other and bite each other's backs to win over the females.
The California Kingsnake makes a noise with its tail which is very similar to that of the rattlesnake. In addition, this kingsnake also feeds on the rattlesnake and is naturally resistant to its poison. However, the California Kingsnake is not immune to the poison of the rattlesnake. In certain instances, the California Kingsnake is known to eat its own shed skin as well.
You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one on our California Kingsnake coloring pages.
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