Brown-Capped Rosy Finch: 15 Facts You Won't Believe!

Here are some cool brown-capped rosy finch facts.)

These birds of North America mainly feed on seeds and insects and live in a tundra habitat. They will take food from bird feeders if they are present in their area. Compared to the saffron finch, these birds have more muted colors. This species should not be taken from their nests. They are mainly found at higher elevations rather than lower elevations in places such as Colorado and New Mexico during summer. They can be seen in a range of places on the ground searching for food such as seeds and insects. A common habitat for them is the tundra or the mountains. In terms of identification, these birds are often confused with the gray-crowned rosy-finch (Leucosticte tephrocotis).

If you want to read about the female brown-capped rosy-finch winter plumage, the brown-capped rosy-finch range when it comes to flight, and find out what is the scientific name for brown-capped rosy-finch birds, keep reading this article!

If you like reading about this bird, you should check out these bowerbird and evening grosbeak facts.

Brown Capped Rosy Finch

Fact File

What do they prey on?

Insects such as spiders

What do they eat?


Average litter size?


How much do they weigh?

0.8 oz (27 g)

How long are they?

14-16 in (35.5-40.6 cm)

How tall are they?


What do they look like?

Brown, black, red, pink

Skin Type


What are their main threats?


What is their conservation status?


Where you'll find them



North America





Scientific Name

Leucosticte australis





Brown-Capped Rosy Finch Interesting Facts

What type of animal is a brown-capped rosy finch?

The brown-capped rosy finch (Leucosticte australis) is a type of finch typically found in North America. It belongs to the Fringillidae family and is mainly found residing in high treetops, where most of its population can be found.

What class of animal does a brown-capped rosy finch belong to?

The brown-capped rosy finch is a type of bird that belongs to the Aves class. Other birds like the red finch and house finch are also part of the Aves class. When it comes to breeding, these rosy finches prefer to breed at elevations that are lower than their general altitude levels.

How many brown-capped rosy finches are there in the world?

According to the IUCN Red List, there are currently 45,000 adult brown-capped rosy finches present in the world. However, the IUCN Red List has listed this species under the Endangered category, therefore, we can presume that the number of birds present in this species is decreasing.

Where does a brown-capped rosy finch live?

These birds can be found in mountain ranges that start from northern Wyoming, run through Colorado, and end all the way in New Mexico. The Rocky Mountains are one of the favorite habitats of this bird. When it comes to their breeding range, these birds don't venture very far. You will mostly find them breeding and feeding their young in a common area.

What is a brown-capped rosy finch's habitat?

These birds of North America build their nests in grasslands and mountains and are mainly found in tundra and alpine ecosystems. They are also found in meadows, rock slides, valleys, and shrublands, and any other habitats where they can find protection from environmental threats and predators.

Who do brown-capped rosy finches live with?

These rosy finches are social creatures and they can be found flocking together during both the winter and summer seasons. They are found flocking together in groups of hundreds during winter, and they socialize and forage together on the ground. They nest together in pairs or individually and can often found be roosting together in a variety of habitats.  

How long does a brown-capped rosy finch live?

The general life expectancy of a North American brown-capped rosy finch (Leucosticte australis) is somewhere between three and four years. From 1970 to 2014, their population has allegedly decreased by up to 95%, which makes their species at risk of extinction. These birds of the order Passeriformes, family Fringillidae, and genus Leucosticte need to be protected from external threats and need to have a healthy diet of seeds and insects to survive.

How do they reproduce?

When it comes to the nest that is built for breeding, these birds of the order Passeriformes, family Fringillidae, and genus Leucosticte prefer to build a nest in a hole in a cliff or a crevice which can easily protect them. The female lays around three to six eggs, which have an incubation period of 13-14 days. Their nestling period usually lasts for 20 days. Once the young birds are mature enough to leave the nest, they are able to somewhat fend for themselves. These rosy-finches only have one brood per year on average.

What is their conservation status?

The IUCN Red List has listed this species under the Endangered category due to the fact that over the last couple of decades, the number of brown-capped rosy-finches has declined dramatically. This species of bird is inherently endemic to North America and can rarely be found breeding in habitats outside of the United States. It is really vital that their conservation is prioritized and that plenty of conservation efforts are put in place to help this species.

Brown-Capped Rosy Finch Fun Facts

What do brown-capped rosy finches look like?

These birds typically have brown feathers that stretch across the length of their upper body, a black forehead, a pink belly and rump, and pink tinted wings. They also have a patch of pink on their breast as well as on their wings. This species looks so similar to the gray-crowned rosy finch (Leucosticte tephrocotis), that they are often confused for each other at the time of identification.

Brown-capped rosy finch facts are fun to read.

How cute are they?

These birds are considered to be really cute because of their size and color. It's unfortunate that their conservation status declares them to be one of the many North American birds which are endangered.

How do they communicate?

These North American birds mainly communicate through vocalizations, sounds, and gestures. In terms of their behavior, they are not known to be particularly aggressive. Their five main calls are the 'chirp', the 'peent', the 'weu', the 'peee', and the 'chew', which can be used to produce a song. Their calls differ in terms of their range, length, and tonality.

How big is a brown-capped rosy finch?

The brown-capped rosy finch (Leucosticte australis) is estimated to be in the range of 14-16 in (35.5-40.6 cm). In comparison to some other finch species that don't reside in North America, such as the strawberry finch which is around 4 in (10.16 cm), these birds are pretty large.

How fast can a brown-capped rosy finch fly?

The exact speed of this North American bird is not known, but, they are known to have a smooth flight pattern. When it comes to migration, they prefer to travel shorter distances, since migration is more important in terms of altitude rather than range or distance for this North American species.

How much does a brown-capped rosy finch weigh?

The brown-capped rosy finch bird weighs 0.8 oz (27 g) on average.

What are their male and female names of the species?

A male of the species is referred to as a 'cock' and a female of the species is referred to as a 'hen'.

What would you call a baby brown-capped rosy finch?

Baby brown-capped rosy finch birds are referred to as 'chicks'.

What do they eat?

These birds are omnivores, therefore, their diet consists of grasses and weeds, as well as insects and arachnids such as spiders. They also munch on seeds and other ground vegetation, especially during the summer. These birds often catch their prey mid-flight, but more commonly, they hunt at lower elevations where more insects are present.

Are they dangerous?

These birds are not especially dangerous, but in short periods of aggression, they may flap their wings and walk to another displaced bird with their mouths open and make noises.

Would they make a good pet?

A finch is a good bird to be kept as a pet since it easily interacts with other birds and doesn't make a lot of noisy sounds. It doesn't engage in erratic behavior but it is best if it is around birds from its family (Fringillidae) or other similar birds.

Did you know...

When it comes to migration, this bird's migration is more focused on a change in altitude rather than location. They fly to much lower elevations during winter and are found at higher elevations in summer.

What do brown-capped rosy finches look like?

Adult finches typically have brown feathers ranging across the length of their back, breast, and a bit of their head as well. Their foreheads are most commonly black. Their tail is forked and their legs are short and black. They often have shades of pink feathers all across their belly, wings, and rump. The color of their black bill changes during the breeding season. On the other hand, other finches such as the purple finch have shades of red and pink feathers on their back and head. The gray-crowned rosy finch (Leucosticte tephrocotis) is often confused with the brown-capped rosy finch.

What is the difference between a brown-capped rosy finch and a black rosy finch?

Both of these North American birds are a part of the same genus (Leucosticte), however, both species have a variety of differences. While the black rosy-finch is commonly found in Arizona, the brown-capped rosy-finch can be seen more in New Mexico, Colorado, and Wyoming. Another of the main contrasts is that the brown-capped rosy finch is the lightest colored finch, with light brown features and an extremely pink belly, breast, and hump. On the other hand, the black rosy finch is the darkest finch and it has duskier plumage.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other birds from our umbrellabird facts and fox sparrow facts pages.

You can even occupy yourself at home by coloring in one of our free printable brown-capped rosy finch coloring pages.



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