Pawfect Facts About The American Eskimo Dog Kids Will Love

American Eskimo facts are highly informative.

Are you a dog lover and in search of some active watchdogs to keep as a pet? Then look no further, as Eskies might just be the perfect fit for you. Eskies originated in Germany at the end of the 19th century and they are also descendants of the Nordic breeds. Initially, they were a type of German Spitz dogs but later they were termed as American Spitz as they bear a close resemblance to the American Spitz. These dogs are also closely related to the Italian Spitz too. Despite having German roots, they are now mostly found in the United States. This dog is available in three sizes: toy, miniature, and standard. The standard and miniature are comparatively bigger in size while the toy is the smallest. These dogs are also referred to as Eskimo dog or Eskie. Eskimo Spitz dogs are extremely intelligent and serve as faithful companions. A Miniature Eskimo dog can be the right dog if you want to keep a watch over a farm. These dogs breeds have a lovely appearance as they have a fully white coat. This double coat of snowy white fur all over their body is very cute. The common name of these dogs is Eskie or Eskies. This dog has been identified by the American Kennel Club, American Eskimo dog club, and the Dog Club of America. If you want to know more about Eskies, continue reading. If you find our content interesting and informative then check out Shepherd Collie mix facts and Patterdale Terrier facts.

American Eskimo Dog

Fact File

What do they prey on?

Small animals and birds

What do they eat?


Average litter size?


How much do they weigh?

18-35 lb (8.2–16 kg)

How long are they?


How tall are they?

12-15 in (30.5-38.1 cm)

What do they look like?


Skin Type


What are their main threats?

Diseases and injuries

What is their conservation status?

Not Listed

Where you'll find them

Household and apartments


North America and Germany





Scientific Name

Canis lupus familiaris





American Eskimo Dog Interesting Facts

What type of animal is an American Eskimo dog?

The American Eskimo is a domesticated dog that loves to stay alongside humans.

What class of animal does an American Eskimo dog belong to?

The American Eskimo breed of dog belongs to the class of Mammalia.

How many American Eskimo dogs are there in the world?

The American Eskimo dog was initially the German Spitz. However, after World War II, it got renamed as 'American Eskimo Dog' after being introduced in the United States. As this dog is known throughout the world, it is also bred in households and by many different breeders. So, the exact number of American Eskimos all across the globe is unknown. But we can estimate that the number is pretty high and steadily increasing owing to its popularity and excellent personality, behavior, and traits.

Where does an American Eskimo dog live?

Since the Eskies are watchdogs they are preferred for household patrolling and vigilance. They are also kept on farms where they provide protection for the farm animals. As for households, they love living with humans.

What is an American Eskimo dog's habitat?

The American Eskimo dog originated in Germany in the late 19th century and is a breed of the German Spitz. However, during World War II they were renamed into their current name. Since they are watchdogs they also have a tendency of chasing small animals. All these traits along with the cold and snowy climate of Germany make them ideal for living in cold conditions.

Who do American Eskimo dogs live with?

Eskies are extremely active with a high energy level and are diligent dogs who enjoy the company of humans to the fullest. Apart from being good watchdogs, they are also great companions. It would be perfect to keep them in the company of humans from which they benefit the most. These dogs also have the tendency of becoming frustrated and develop separation anxiety if they are kept alone for a long time. Therefore, human company is an absolute must for these little snowy cuties.

How long does an American Eskimo dog live?

Owing to a very active lifestyle that involves loads of running and exercises, the American Eskimo dog suffers from fewer health issues, problems, and diseases. One of the few diseases which this dog can get is progressive retinal atrophy. As a result, their normal life expectancy increases manifold in comparison with other dogs. This dog breed has an average lifespan of around 13-15 years.

How do they reproduce?

Breeding Eskies should be done for a maximum time of once every year. It is not at all a healthy habit to frequently breed a dog thereby making it sick and introducing genetic defects in the offspring. The reproductive cycle for the American Eskimo dog lasts for an average of 60-64 days approximately. A total of four cycles occurs for the dogs, namely the Proestrus, Estrus, Diestrus, and Anestrus. The heat periods of this dog breed are of six months on average.

What is their conservation status?

Eskies are a hugely popular dog breed. Found mostly in Northern American and Germany, these dogs are bred extensively by breeders and in households. As a result, the exact statistics and the data of these dogs are not available. However, Eskies are pretty common so their popularity and their numerical count are constantly on the rise. Moreover, the American Eskimo dog is not listed in the International Union for Conservation of Nature or IUCN and as a result, we can determine that this dog breed is not endangered.

American Eskimo Dog Fun Facts

What do American Eskimo dogs look like?

American Eskimo dog is a small-sized breed of dog. The American Eskimo Dog comes in three sizes which are the standard, miniature, and the toy type. Among these three the only difference is between their sizes, while their traits and appearance are identical. These dogs have a sparkling white furry coat all over their body and also around the neck. The fur of these dogs is extremely dense which helps them in staying warm in cold climates. The fur color can be guessed to have originated from the birthplace of these breeds i.e Germany which is covered by snowy caps of ice. These dogs also have pointed ears along with a black nose, eye rims, and lip. These Eskie dogs also have an upturned tail which they wag when they are happy. The Eskie dogs also present a very intelligent look on their face.

Eskie dog breeds are extremely active and loyal dogs.

Eskie dogs are extremely cute animals. Owing to their small sizes and how they boast of having a sparkling white coat and a double coat of fur they look like little cute snowballs. Moreover, their intelligence and sweet-looking facial and physical features make them extremely adorable. If you see them for the first time the only thought which will pop up in your mind is to squeeze and cuddle them in your lap. Not only just by physical appearances, but the cuteness of a dog can also be determined according to its traits, behavior, and habits. These intelligent Eskie dogs are extremely loyal and have numerous good habits thereby making these dogs extra cute for pet owners.

How do they communicate?

Communication of a dog is based on two types. The former being barking while the other being that of the body language or body signs. The American Eskimo dog or puppy is an extremely loud dog that has less control over its barking which is a common feature of a Spitz. However, it is due to the fact that they are actually watchdogs. If an American Eskimo dog is left on its own for a while it suffers from operational anxiety and will resort to barking continuously until it is petted down or showered with adequate affection. The barking of a dog also depicts its behavioral traits. Loud barking indicates a dog being strong and brave while a low murmuring indicates a scared dog. As for the body language, a dog wagging its tail clearly means that the dog is happy while a dog who is standing up with its ears pointed out means that the dog is trying to listen to something. The Eskie breeds are wary of strangers and can get alert if someone unknown shows up.

How big is an American Eskimo dog?

The American Eskimo dog is a small breed of dog or puppy which appears in three different variants. Each of these Spitz variations differs only on their sizes and their respective weights.

The standard sized American Eskimo dog is around 15-20 in or 38-50 cm tall. The miniature measures around 12-15 in or around 30-40 cm in height while the smallest of them is the toy variant which measures a mere 9-12 in or 22-30 cm in height.

For a small-sized breed of dog, the American Eskimo dog is optimally sized and well within the average limit of 5.9-43.6 in or 15-110 cm.

How fast can an American Eskimo dog run?

The exact speed of how fast an American Eskimo dog runs is unclear due to a lack of proper data and statistics. However, the speed of the dog can be estimated by a few methods. Since American Eskimo dogs are excellent watchdogs they also have a high prey drive and love running. Dogs that love running are usually fast. Having a high prey drive along with being a watchdog makes it an added bonus for a fast and pacy dog. These dogs usually watch over farm animals and are very adept at chasing small animals and birds.

How much does an American Eskimo dog weigh?

The weight of an American Eskimo dog also depends on the variant of the dog type. Each variant is different from the other in terms of both size and weight. The standard variant is the heaviest of the lot while the toy variant is the lightest. The average weight of the standard is 15-40 lb or around 6.8-18 kg. The miniature weighs around 10-20 lb or 4.5-9 kg approximately. The toy variant is the smallest and has a mere weight of 5-10 lb or 2.3-4.5 kg.

The average weight of small-sized dogs stays within the range of 20 lb and thus the American Eskimo dog perfectly fits the range and can be justified as a small-sized dog.

What are their male and female names of the species?

Like general dogs, the male American Eskimo dogs are termed as dogs while the female American Eskimo dogs are called bitches.

What would you call a baby American Eskimo dog?

Usually, a baby dog is referred to as a pup or a puppy. However, the correct way to call an American Eskimo baby dog is to call it an American Eskimo puppy.

What do they eat?

The usual diet of a dog depends on the breed along with other factors like size, age, and activity status. The average food that should be given to an American Eskimo dog should be high-quality dry dog food approximately around 1.5 cups divided equally into two different meals during the day. Dry dog food usually consists of 25% quality protein along with a minimum of 10% good fat with equally fine fiber quantity so that the digestion is perfect. Since this is a very active dog, there is little chance of it being overweight, however, obesity is very common among dogs and thus should be kept checked regularly.

Are they hypoallergenic?

Hypoallergenic means something or a substance that can cause very little allergic reactions. As for the case of the American Eskimo dog, no these dogs are not hypoallergenic at all. However, anyone, be it elders or little children, with milder allergies can mix with this breed without having to worry.

Would they make a good pet?

Yes, American Eskimos make excellent pets. They are ideally suited for elders. A word of advice for new dog owners, this is not a suitable dog breed for first-timers. Though the dog is extremely loyal they can be extremely stubborn. For those who lead an active lifestyle, these dogs can be an ideal fit as Eskies are extremely active dogs and require constant human company. However, they are wary of strangers and thus, make great watchdogs.

Did you know...

Eskies are said to have been brought to the United States of America by German immigrants and European immigrants in the early years of the 1900s. This breed of dog was recognized by the American United Kennel Club as the American Eskimo in 1919 while the American Kennel Club recognized it in 1995.

Eskies are also among the few dogs of its species that rarely drool.

The price of an Eskie puppy is around $600-$1000.

How smart is an American Eskimo dog?

Eskies are extremely smart and intelligent dogs however they often depict stubborn behavior but they are not dangerous. If not handled properly these smart dogs can outwit their masters. These dogs are extremely playful and are equally very loyal. Like other dog breeds, they too smell objects and use their sense of smell to get around.

How to groom an American Eskimo dog?

Proper and adequate grooming is a must for Eskies. Since they shed a lot they should be brushed regularly. As for the bathing schedule, they should be given a bath at least once every couple of months.

Here at Kidadl, we have carefully created lots of interesting family-friendly animal facts for everyone to discover! Learn more about some other mammals including Dogo Argentino, or Chow Chow.

You can even occupy yourself at home by drawing one on our American Eskimo coloring pages.



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